George Galloway (born 16 August 1954) is a British politician, author and broadcaster who was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1987 to 2010. He is known for his anti-war views. He was formerly a Labour MP, first for Glasgow Hillhead, and later for Glasgow Kelvin, before his expulsion from the party in October 2003, and subsequently becoming a founding member of the Respect Party. Galloway represented Bethnal Green and Bow in the 2005 parliament. In the 2010 election, Galloway unsuccessfully contested the parliamentary seat of Poplar and Limehouse.
Galloway is also known for his vigorous campaigns in favour of the Palestinians in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. He attempted to both overturn economic sanctions against Iraq in the 1990s and early 2000s, and to avert the 2003 invasion. He is also known for a speech he gave before the President of Iraq Saddam Hussein, in which he appeared to praise the dictator, although Galloway has maintained that he actively opposed the regime until the United States-led Gulf War in 1991 and has always stated that he was addressing the Iraqi people. Galloway is known in the USA for his testimony in the Senate in 2005, where he turned a defence of allegations against him into an attack against American foreign policy.