Eugène Ney Terre'Blanche
(January 31, 1941 – April 3, 2010) was a former member of South Africa's Herstigte Nasionale Party who founded the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (or AWB) during the apartheid era. During the 1980s and early 1990s, he became known for threatening civil war to maintain white rule in South Africa. After the country's transition to non-racial democracy, he revised his stance and urged his followers to push for independence in an independent Afrikaner homeland, which he frequently referred to as a "Boerevolkstaat". Terre'Blanche continued to lead the organisation until his death. A polarizing figure, Terre'Blanche was given several labels during his lifetime, including "white supremacist," "nationalist," and "racist."
Terre'Blanche spent three years in prison for assaulting a black petrol station worker and the attempted murder of a black security guard in 1996.
On April 3, 2010, Terre'Blanche was hacked and beaten to death at his farm, allegedly by two of his labourers.